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  • Ammut—crocodile goddess who devours unworthy hearts at the entrance to the Egyptian underworld
  • Amun/Amun Ra—King of the Gods
  • Anubis—jackal-headed god of the underworld
  • Apep/Apophis—snake god who embodies chaos; Lord of Chaos; devours the sun each evening
  • Bast—cat goddess
  • Bes—god of luck
  • Duamutef (Dua)—jackal-headed god; one of four sons of Horus; in mummification, protected the stomach
  • Hapi—baboon-headed god; one of four sons of Horus; in mummification, protected the lungs
  • Hathor—goddess of love
  • Horus—son of Osiris and Isis; most often seen with a falcon head (but takes form of a cat in Tut: The Story of My Immortal Life); lost one eye in fight with his uncle Set
  • Imsety—god (with a normal head); one of four sons of Horus; in mummification, protected the liver
  • Isis—mother goddess; mother of Horus; wife of Osiris
  • Khepri—dung beetle god who pushes the sun across the sky each day
  • Maat—goddess of justice and truth; judges the dead at entrance to Egyptian underworld
  • Nephthys—protective goddess of the dead; sister of Isis and Osiris; wife of Set; mother of Anubis
  • Osiris—god of fertility, death, and the afterlife; carries a crook and flail; most often depicted green and partially mummified
  • Qebehsenuef (Qeb)—falcon-headed god; one of four sons of Horus; in mummification, protected the intestines
  • Ra—god of the sun
  • Sekhmet—lion-headed goddess
  • Set—god of chaos, storms, and infertility; brother and slayer of Osiris
  • Thoth—god of writing, knowledge, and science; often has the head of an ibis

  • Anu—King of the Gods
  • Enlil—god of storms and wind
  • Humbaba—monster from the Epic of Gilgamesh; Guardian of the Cedar Forest
  • Igigi—lesser/younger gods of Mesopotamia
  • Nergal—god of war and the sun

  • Akhenaton—father of Tutankhamun; used to be known as Amenhotep IV; introduced monotheistic religion to Egypt which made him really unpopular
  • Ay—advisor to Tutankhamun while he ruled Egypt; it is thought that Ay ruled Egypt after King Tut
  • Enkidu—best friend of Gilgamesh back in ancient Sumer
  • Gilgamesh (Gil)—former Sumerian king
  • Horemheb—commander in chief of the Egyptian army during Tutankhamun’s reign; advisor to Tutankhamun
  • Howard Carter—English archaeologist who discovered King Tut’s tomb in 1922
  • Smenkhkare (Smenk)—older brother of Tutankhamun
  • Tutankhamun (King Tut)—Egyptian pharaoh; often called the Boy King since he took the throne when he was only nine.

  • Fields of the Blessed—equivalent of heaven in the Egyptian afterlife
  • Valley of the Kings—valley in Egypt where over sixty tombs have been discovered, many of these for pharaohs of the Egyptian New Kingdom

  • Ankh—ancient Egyptian symbol which represents eternal life
  • Book of the Dead—ancient Egyptian funerary text containing spells to assist a dead person on their journey through the underworld and into the afterlife
  • Canopic jars—jars used during mummification to hold the liver, lungs, stomach, and intestines
  • Eye of Horus—ancient Egyptian symbol of protection, good health, and power

  • Sarcophagus—a funeral box, often carved of stone, which formed the outer layer of protection for a mummy
  • Shabti—small figures which were placed in tombs to act as servants for the dead person in the afterlife
  • Sun Disk of Ra—headdress worn by the god Ra
  • Tiet—ancient Egyptian symbol; often called “Knot of Isis”

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